Maurycy Gottlieb (1856 – 1879)

Maurycy Gottlieb. PORTRAIT OF A JEWISH MAN

Po prawie 20 latch wraca na rynek mały olej Maurycego Gottlieba.

Lot 200. MAURYCY GOTTLIEB Polish 1856 – 1879. PORTRAIT OF A JEWISH MAN, signed M. Gottlieb (lower left), oil on canvas laid down on board, 9⅞ x 5¾ in., 25.2 x 14.4 cm. Provenance: Salon Dziel Sztuki / Kazimiera Wojciechowskiego, Cracow, Jacobo and Asea Furman (and sold, Sotheby’s, New York, December 12, 2000, lot 97, illustrated). Exhibited: New York, Jewish Museum, Personal Vision, The Jacobo and Asea Furman Collection of Jewish Ceremonial Art, July 2-October 6, 1985, no. 41, illustrated in the catalogue p. 38. Literature- Jacobo Furman with Bezalel Narkiss, Grace Cohen Grossman and Shalom Sabar. Estimate $10,000 – 15,000. Sotheby’s. 11/20/19

Maurycy Gottlieb (1856 – 1879)

Gottlieb

Lot 40. MAURYCY GOTTLIEB (POLISH 1856-1879)
Saladin and Sittah. Illustration for “Nathan the Wise” by Lessing, 1877, ink on canvas; 36 x 30 cm (14 1/8 x 11 7/8 in.), signed lower right

PROVENANCE

Josef Stieglitz, Tel Aviv

Dr. Lewitt, tel Aviv

Private collection, New York

EXHIBITED

Maurycy Gottlieb, Bezalel National Museum, Jerusalem, 1956

In the Flower of Youth: Maurycy Gottlieb 1856-1879, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel, May 16 – July 20, 1991 and National Museum in Warsaw, Poland, August 19 – October 20, 1991. Catalogued as #30 in the exhibition.

LITERATURE

Zofia Soltysowa, The Painter Maurycy Gottlieb (Krakow: Rocznik Krakowski, 1977), list of works, p. 178

  1. Narkiss, Maurycy Gottliebexhibition catalog, (Jerusalem: Bezalel National Museum, 1956), no 14

Nehemia Guranik et. al., In the Flower of Youth: Maurycy Gottlieb, 1856-1879, (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv Museum of Art / Dvir Publishers, 1991), no 30, ill. p. 192

LOT NOTES
Many museum-goers know Maurycy Gottlieb`s famous works at the National Museum in Warsaw and Tel Aviv Museum of Art, including Christ Preaching at Capernaum and Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur in Warsaw and Tel Aviv respectively. Maurycy (Moses) Gottlieb was born in Drohobych to a wealthy, Yiddish and Polish speaking orthodox Jewish family living in Galicia, one of eleven children of Isaac Gottlieb and Fanya Tigerman. At 15 years of age, Gottlieb enrolled at the Vienna Fine Arts Academy, where he studied for three yers, before leaving for Krakow in 1873 to study under Jan Matejko. He is considered to be one of the most talented painters to have ever studied under Matejko. In Krakow, Gottlieb also became good friends with Jacek Malczewski, who was a proponent of Gottlieb`s art and fiercely protested when anti-semitism forced him to leave the Krakow Academy.

In the next years, Gottlieb lived and worked in Vienna, Munich, and Rome, where he became friends with Henryk Siemiradzi. At a reunion with Jan Matejko in Rome, he was convinced to move back to Krakow by Matejko, where he worked on a series of paintings including scenes fromt the history of the Jews in Poland. Gottlieb`s life took a tragic turn, due to his romantic relationship with Laura Rosenfeld, the subject of many of his paintings including “Shylock and Jessica,” for which he won a gold medal in Munich. Having originally accepted a marriage proposal made to her by Gottlieb, Rosenfeld eventually lost interest in the young painter, and confessed that she had fallen in love with someone else. With a broken heart, and hearing about her impending marriage with a Berlin banker, Gottlieb knowingly exposed himself to the elements, dying at the age of 23 from complications due to a cold and sore throat.

Despite his tragically young demise, in his short life Gottlieb managed to complete over 200 works, including paintings and sketches. The present artwork, illustrating a scene from Nathan the Wise, a verse drama written by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in 1779, was a favorite subject of Gottlieb`s paintings. The play dealt with themes of religious tolerance and identity, recurring themes in Gottlieb`s own works. It is no wonder, then, that one of the essays written for the exhibition catalogue of the 1991 retrospective of Gottlieb`s works in Tel Aviv in Warsaw, was entitled “Maurycy Gottlieb: Ahauser and Dreamer. A Polish-Jewish or Jewish-Polish artist?”.

Estimate $9,000-11,000. Shapiro. 09/17/16

Obiekt nie został sprzedany.

Gottlieb-frame

Gottlieb-sign

Maurycy Gottlieb (1856 – 1879)

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Maurycy Gottlieb. Sketch of Reha

W odróżnieniu od niedawno sprzedawanej pracy w Bonhams (i nie sprzedanej z oczywistych powodów) ten mały olej Maurycego Gottlieba, jaki pojawił się w Izraelu wygąda dobrze. Cena szacunkowa $40,000-60,000.


Moritz Gottlieb 1856-1879 (Polish). Sketch of Reha, oil on canvas mounted on panel, h:29 w: 20 cm, initialled lower right. Matsart Auctioneers, lot# 5, aukcja 21 stycznia 2014.

Provenance: Sale: Sotheby’s Jerusalem Judaica, May 17-18, 1985, lot 120.
Jacobo and Asea Furman Collection, Los Angeles.
Private European collection.

Literature: Furman, Jacobo, Treasures of Jewish Art: From the Jacobo and Asea Furman Collection of Judaica, New York, 1998, p. 263 (color illustration).

Other Notes: Sketch of Reha is part of a series of illustrations commissioned from Gottlieb by the renowned publisher Brukmann for a luxury edition of Gotthold E. Lessing’s dramatization of Nathan the Wise.

Maurycy Gottlieb (1856 – 1879)

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Prawdziwy czy  falsyfikat?

Na aukcji w Bonhams w USA widzimy 10 grudnia 2013 lot #14 opisany jako olej Maurycego Gottlieba, czyli spore wydarzenie z racji dużej rzadkości prac tego malarza. Jak podają źródła, Ocalenie Racheli z płomieni to duży obraz. Ten zaś jest małym olejem, szkicem (?), repliką (?), kopią (?).

Twórczośc malarska Maurycego Gottlieba została nieźle skatalogowana wobec wielu falszerstw rynkowych a także kopii prac jakie wykonywali bracia Maurycego po jego przedwczesnej śmierci. Nie mam dostępu to tego katalogu, stąd zalecam ostrożność zakupu. Bardzo wyraźna sygnatura powinna pobudzić do szególnej ostrożności:

sygn

W Slowniku Artystów Polskich, zawarte jest ostrzeżenie i są podane wzmianki o fałszerstwach prac M.G. Czy ta praca jest prawdziwa czy też nie zobaczymy w przyszłości.

‘Przygotowując cykl ilustracji do Natana Mędrca, Gottlieb namalował także dwie duże kompozycje olejne przedstawiające scenę Powitania Natana przez Rechę oraz Ocalenia Rechy z płomieni (obydwie 1877).’ (Ewa Micke-Broniarek, Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, luty 2005).


Chyba jednak był to falsyfikat skoro Bonhams wycofał tę pracę z aukcji. Innego tłumaczenia nie ma. Period.


MORRIS GOTTLIEB (Polish, 1856-1879)
Ocalenie Rechy
signed (lower right) and inscribed (on the reverse)
oil on panel
32.3 x 23.4 cm (12 3/4 x 9 1/4 in)